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Information Literacy : Information Literacy Basics

Information literacy combines a repertoire of abilities, practices, and dispositions focused on finding, using, and analyzing data to answer questions, develop questions, create new knowledge, and ethically participate in an information based community.

What is Information Literacy?

"Information literacy is the set of integrated abilities encompassing the reflective discovery of information, the understanding of how information is produced and valued, and the use of information in creating new knowledge and participating ethically in communities of learning."

Association of College & Research Libraries, a division of the American Library Association. (2015). Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education. Retrieved from

ACRL Information Literacy Framework

Created by the Association of College & Research Libraries, the Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education outlines key concepts and best practices of information literacy instruction. 

"The Framework is organized into six frames, each consisting of a concept central to information literacy, a set of knowledge practices, and a set of dispositions. These are the six concepts that anchor the frames, presented alphabetically:

  • Authority Is Constructed and Contextual
  • Information Creation as a Process
  • Information Has Value
  • Research as Inquiry
  • Scholarship as Conversation
  • Searching as Strategic Exploration"

—Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education, Introduction

Of particular note are the sections in Appendix 1: 

  • Implementing the Framework
  • Suggestions on How to Use the Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education
  • Introduction for Faculty and Administrators
  • For Faculty: How to Use the Framework
  • For Administrators: How to Support the Framework

Using Bloom's Taxonomy to Implement IL

Support from Association of College & Research Libraries

Sample Information Literacy Assignments

Project Information Literacy (PIL)

"Project Information Literacy (PIL) is a nonprofit research institute that conducts national, ongoing scholarly studies on how early adults find and use information as they progress through, and beyond, their higher education years."

—Project Information Literacy,


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Jeannie Hoag
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Peter Patten
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