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Fordham Museum of Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Art: Theory

This guide presents resources useful in the study of classical art and archaeology and pertinent to the Fordham Museum collection.

General Resources


Semotics: A method in art history that looks at images as a collection of signs and structures.

Iconography and Iconology

Iconography: A method in art history that studies the description, identification, and interpretation of the content of images. 

Iconology: A method in art history that studies the symbolism or symbolic representation of the content of images.


Poststructuralism: A method in art history that allows for multiple meanings, limited by contextual circumstances, to be possible for an image.

Reference & Instruction Department

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