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APA Style Documentation, 7th Edition: Reference List

Style guide for the 7th edition, published Oct. 2019

Reference List Examples -- Double Space Between and After Citations

Authored book with a DOI

Kennedy, G. (2020). Family therapy and family violence: Implications for future study (3rd ed.). Guilford Press.

     Parenthetical citation: (Kennedy, 2020)

     Narrative citation: Kennedy (2020)


Authored book without a DOI, from most academic research databases or print version

Solan, A. (2019). Treating lupus: Advancements in autoimmune diseases. Oxford University Press.

     Parenthetical citation: (Solan, 2019)

     Narrative citation: Solan (2019)


Edited book without a DOI, from most academic research databases or print version

McCrory, T. (Ed.). (2017). Community activism in social services: Working for change. Sage.

     Parenthetical citation: (McCrory, 2017)

     Narrative citation: McCrory (2017)


--It is not necessary to indicate the format (audiobook, e-book, or print book) if the content is the same (see p. 322).

--DOIs are written like URLs.

--City, State information no longer required for publisher.

--See Section 9.30 for more information about including database information in references.

--See Chapter 10 in the Publication Manual for more reference examples.

--Read about title case and sentence case on page 167 of the Manual for clarity about which words to capitalize.

Journal article with a DOI

Olivardia, R., Pope, H.G., & Cohane, G.H. (2019). Biceps and body image: The relationship between muscularity and self-esteem, depression, and eating disorder symptomsPsychology of Men and Masculinity, 5(2), 112-120.

     Parenthetical citation: (Olivardia et al., 2019)

     Narrative citation:  Olivardia et al. (2019)


Journal article without a DOI, with nondatabase URL

Schuyler, Q. A., Wilcox, C., Townsend, K., Hardesty, B. D., & Marshall, N. J. (2014). Mistaken identity? Visual similarities of marine debris to natural prey items of sea turtles. BMC Ecology, 14(14), 17-28.

          Parenthetical citation: (Schuyler et al., 2014)

          Narrative citation:  Schuyler et al. (2014)


Journal, magazine, or newspaper article without a DOI, from most academic research databases or print version

Bailey, S. (2019, January 11). Northern lights spark a mysterious glow. The Reading Eagle. Kornstein, R. (2018). Better teaching with professional development training. Educational Leadership, 19(3), 39-44.

     Parenthetical citations: (Bailey, 2019; Kornstein, 2018)

     Narrative citations: Bailey (2019) and Kornstein (2018)


--Do not include the database name or URL. See Section 9.30 (p.296) or 10.1 (p. 316) for additional information and examples.

--Read about title case and sentence case on page 167 of the 7th edition Manual for clarity about when to capitalize words.

Report by a government agency or other organization

National Cancer Institute. (2020). Diagnosing cancer with a simple blood test.(NIH Publication No. 19-1124). U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, National Institutes of Health.

     Parenthetical citation: (National Cancer Institute, 2020)

     Narrative citation: National Cancer Institute (2020)


Child Care Council of Westchester. (2020). Child & youth homelessness: Summary of key findings.

     Parenthetical citations: (Child Care Council of Westchester, 2020)

     Narrative citations: Child Care Council of Westchester (2020)


National Association of Social Workers. (2017). Code of ethics of the National Association of Social Workers.

     Parenthetical citation: (National Association of Social Workers, 2017)

     Narrative citation: National Association of Social Workers (2017)




--See Section 9.11 of the Publication Manual for information about group authors or parent agencies.

--Include the name of the website or organization that hosts the page.

--See Section 10.4 Reports and Gray Literature (pp. 329-331) for more examples.




Audiovisual works


BBHCSD Media. (2014, April 16). STEM education overview [Video]. YouTube.

     Parenthetical citation: (BBHCSD Media, 2014)

     Narrative citation: BBHCSD (2014)



Wiseman, F. (1997). Public housing: A look at poverty in Chicago [Video]. Kanopy.


     Parenthetical citations: (Wiseman, 1997)

     Narrative citations: Wiseman (1997)




--The person or group who uploaded the video is considered the author. See Section 10.12 (p. 344).

Webpage on a website with a group author and no date

Office of the Surgeon General. (n.d.). U.S. Surgeon General's advisory: Marijuana use and the developing brain. U. S. Department of Health & Human Services. Retrieved February 5, 2020,

     Parenthetical citation: (Office of the Surgeon General, n.d.)

     Narrative citation: Office of the Surgeon General (n.d.)


Webpage on a website with a retrieval date

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020, February 5). 2019 novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in the U.S. - Situation Summary   Retrieved February 5, 2020, from

     Parenthetical citation: (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2020)

     Narrative citation:  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2020)


Webpage on a website with an individual author

Jackson, K. (2018). The neurobiology of eating disorders. Social Work Today.

     Parenthetical citation: (Jackson, 2018)

     Narrative citation: Jackson (2018) 


--In the CDC example, include a retrieval date because the contents of the page may change over time.  See Section 9.16 (p. 290).

--See Webpages and Websites, Chapter 10, section 10.16. (pp. 350 - 352).

--Include the name of the website or organization that hosts the page.



Tane, L. (2020, February 6). Legal marijuana is the best way to keep kids safe. The Journal News


     Parenthetical citation: (Tane, 2020)

     Narrative citation: Tane (2020)


Negroni, C. (2009, March 3). Getting enough sleep: With long flights comes a dispute over rest for pilots. The New York Times, B7.


     Parenthetical citation: (Negroni, 2009)

     Narrative citation: Negroni (2009)




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