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Economics Research: Citation

This guide provides an overview of research methods and the Fordham University Library's collection of economics resources.

Citation Styles Used in Economics

APA and Chicago citation styles tend to be the most used for the subjects of economics along with the style of the Journal of Economic Literature. Please consult with your professor to find out which one is preferred. 

The Journal of Economic Literature Style Guide

Economics Citation Guide

The Journal of Economic Literature style is the style of the American Economic Association and some professors prefer this style manual.


APA Style

APA Style

Citation style from the American Psychological Association (APA). For the social sciences, behavioral sciences, and many other sciences.

Features: Focuses on dates the study was published; page numbers may also be cited. Features in-text parenthetical citations of author(s) and date: (Smith, 1998). A page number also must be added for quotes taken from a specific page: (Smith, 1998, p. 123). Endnotes or footnotes may be used to add supplementary comments.

Chicago Manual of Style


Citation style from the University of Chicago Press. Used in Economics and other disciplines within the humanities and social sciences. Designed for students writing term papers.

Features: Uses footnotes. Page numbers are required for direct quotes.

Chicago Citation Manual: The Chicago Manual of Style 17th ed. (WC) Ref.+ Z253 .C57 17TH ED