The Archive contains 75 document files on the international trade in steel. The growth of world steel production and its dispersal among an increasing number of nations has been accompanied by a trend of even stronger secular growth in the volume of steel trade. World semifinished and finished steel exports increased from 115 million tons in 1975 to 319 million tons in 2002, boosting the export share of total world production from 23% to 40%.
The document files include the following steel-trade information: world trade in steel, competitive position of U.S. industries, AISI and Bethlehem Steel position papers on trade, impact of NAFTA on Japan, debate of U.S. trade policy on steel, Japan Society report on steel trade relations between the U.S. and Japan, effects of import quotas on the U.S. steel industry, U.S. critical materials imports, U.S. imports and collective bargaining, Kaiser Steel analysis of import quotas and the west-coast steel market, ECSC-MITI bilateral agreement limiting Japanese steel exports to Europe, imports and the U.S. tool-steel industry, foreign steel pricing practices and U.S. imports, and steel-company petitions to the U.S. International Trade Commission (USITC).
Other historical trade information in the files includes: duties on U.S. imports in 1895, U.S. trade in steel and iron ore in 1902-10, U.S. Tariff Commission 1946 report on post-World War II prospects for the steel industry, OECD steel trade analysis for 1960-83, U.N. statistics on world steel trade in 1962-87, IISI statistics on world indirect trade in steel in 1962-79 and 1985-86, U.S. imports of welded pipe and tubing in 1964-71, Father Hogan interview on U.S. steel imports in 1968, U.S. House of Representatives import hearings in 1968, U.S. Department of Commerce trade outlook in 1969, U.S. import-export data for specialty steels in 1970, Business and Defense Services Administration (BDSA) study of steel and national defense in 1970, union-management specialty-steel import conference in 1971, trade reform proposals in 1973, Trade Reform Act of 1973, European steel imports in 1980, U.S. Tariff Commission presentations by steel and iron-ore producers in 1982, export restraint agreements in 1982, U.S. indirect trade in steel in 1986-89, U.S. pipe imports in 1992, U.S. Department of Commerce report to President Clinton on global steel trade in 2000, and U.S. imports of steel mill products in 2001-03.
Books and references providing steel-trade information include the following: the statistical reports of AISI, IISI, JISF, KOSA and other steel organizations; Foreign Trade Trends from AISI; Metal Bulletin’s Steel Traders of the World, edited by Raymond Cordero; The Steel Import Problem by Joseph W. Ford; Indirect Trade in Steel and World Steel Exports Statistical Report, both from IISI; and Steel mports, a study by the U.S. Senate Finance Committee.