"Information literacy is the set of integrated abilities encompassing the reflective discovery of information, the understanding of how information is produced and valued, and the use of information in creating new knowledge and participating ethically in communities of learning."
Association of College & Research Libraries, a division of the American Library Association. (2015). Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education. Retrieved from http://www.ala.org/acrl/standards/ilframework
Information literacy concepts have evolved as information needs have changed. Historical ACRL statements on information literacy provide more context for researchers, instructors, and librarians.
Created by the Association of College & Research Libraries, the Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education outlines key concepts and best practices of information literacy instruction.
"The Framework is organized into six frames, each consisting of a concept central to information literacy, a set of knowledge practices, and a set of dispositions. These are the six concepts that anchor the frames, presented alphabetically:
- Authority Is Constructed and Contextual
- Information Creation as a Process
- Information Has Value
- Research as Inquiry
- Scholarship as Conversation
- Searching as Strategic Exploration"
—Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education, Introduction
Of particular note are the sections in Appendix 1: